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Gingival Diseases

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Gingival Diseases and Treatment (Periodontics)


Gingival diseases are a broad-spectrum of diseases that range from simple gingival infection (gingivitis) that show symptoms, such as gingival bleeding, redness and swelling at the starting stage to severe gingival infections (periodontitis) that show symptoms such as loss of bone, loose teeth and loss of teeth. The primary reason is the accumulation of microbial plaque, and acquired diseases are also amongst the risk factors. General symptoms are gingival bleeding, swelling, recession, loose teeth and foul breath.
Treatment methods range from hygiene-related recommendations to periodontal surgery depending on the severity of the disease. It is also important to keep up with regular check-ups.


Gingival recession is caused by various factors, such as accumulation of plaque and tartar, gingival infection, chronic trauma, aging and genetics. Gingival recession is an indicator of the loss of the bone that supports the tooth. It is one of the most important causes of the loss of teeth. After gingival recession, roots of the teeth become more vulnerable to outside factors.
As a result of gingival recession,
– Toothache and hypersensitivity to hot, cold, sour and sweet food can occur, and the tooth can lose its vitality.
– Root decay might occur as the root surface is more vulnerable to decay.
– There might be aesthetical problems due to prolongation of the teeth and formation of black gaps between the teeth.
– With the loss of bone that supports the teeth, patients might suffer from loose teeth or loss of teeth.
For treatment,
– It is important to eliminate the factors that cause gingival recession.
– Advanced surgery methods can be applied in the case of excessive recessions.


This is the sudden and acute pain felt in the teeth while consuming hot, cold, sour or sweet food. It can be caused by various factors, such as gingival recessions and abrasions or cracks in the tooth. Hypersensitivity treatment involves laser treatment, or the application of fluorine and restorative materials to the teeth.


Foul breath can be one of the biggest problems for people when communicating with others. Nice smelling breath, accompanied by a beautiful smile and straight teeth, contributes to confidence.
Causes of foul breath
• Inadequate hygiene of the mouth
• Common tooth decay
• Ulcerative lesions
• Sinusitis and throat infection
• Digestive system diseases
• Diabetes
• Foods that cause bad odors
• Badly performed restorations
For treatment, hygiene needs to be maintained inside the mouth. In addition, it should be ensured that more saliva is produced, and dental treatment should not be neglected.